Article Title: DNA hypermethylation and differential gene expression associated with Klinefelter syndrome
Authors: Anne Skakkebæk, Morten Muhlig Nielsen, Christian Trolle, Søren Vang, Henrik Hornshøj, Jakob Hedegaard, Mikkel Wallentin, Anders Bojesen, Jens Michael Hertz, Jens Fedder, John Rosendahl Østergaard, Jakob Skou Pedersen, and Claus Højbjerg Gravholt
Date of Publication: September 13, 2018
“Recently, a few studies have provided evidence that KS may be associated with widespread changes in the methylome of both blood and brain tissue. These genome-wide alterations in DNA methylation may play a role in the biological mechanisms underlying the clinical KS phenotype by affecting chromatin structure and gene expression and thereby potentially be responsible for the development of phenotypical traits and diseases.
Interestingly, alterations of the trancriptome in blood, brain tissue and testis tissue in KS have also been demonstrated, thereby supporting the hypothesis that sex chromosomes may regulate gene expression throughout the genome.”