48,XXYY

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Counseling in Pediatric Populations at Risk for Infertility and/or Sexual Function Concerns

Article Title: Counseling in Pediatric Populations at Risk for Infertility and/or Sexual Function Concerns

Authors: Nahata, Quinn, and Tishelman

Date of Publication: July 30, 2018

“Health care providers and parents report challenges in knowing how and when to discuss these issues. In this context, the goal of this clinical report is to review evidence and considerations for providers related to information sharing about impaired fertility and sexual function in pediatric patients attributable to congenital and acquired conditions or treatments.”

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2020-10-09T12:25:06-04:00Categories: 47,XXY (Klinefelter), 48,XXYY, Other Variations, XXXY|

Rare sex chromosome variation 48,XXYY: An integrative review

Article Title: Rare sex chromosome variation 48,XXYY: An integrative review

Authors: Blumling, Martyn, Talboy, and Close

Date of Publication: April 9, 2020

“48,XXYY presents with a wide spectrum of physical, psychological, and neurocognitive symptoms, and frequently requires complex interdisciplinary care. In order to better understand this disorder and to appropriately treat the individuals affected by it, future research should focus on experimental studies and research that utilizes a variety of methods, including participant interviews and patient-report surveys.”

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2020-09-10T14:38:16-04:00Categories: 48,XXYY|

The Association of Motor Skills & Adaptive Functioning in XXY/Klinefelter & XXYY Syndromes

Article Title: The Association of Motor Skills and Adaptive Functioning in XXY/Klinefelter and XXYY Syndromes

Authors: Tartaglia, Davis, Martin, Cordeiro, and Richardson

Date of Publication: December 28, 2018

“Both conditions have been previously associated with motor delays and motor skills deficits. We aimed to describe and compare motor skills in males with XXY and XXYY syndromes, and to analyze associations with age, cognitive abilities, and adaptive functioning.”

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2020-04-21T15:12:53-04:00Categories: 47,XXY (Klinefelter), 48,XXYY|

Emory University’s Amy Blumling: “Learning about things larger than you”

Article Title: Learning about thing larger than you

Author: Pam Auchmutey (Emory University, Nursing Magazine)

Date of Publication: Fall 2019

“As a School of Nursing doctoral student, Amy Blumling provides much-needed care to a special patient population at Emory Healthcare. Twice monthly, she and other providers see patients at the eXtraordinarY Clinic, the Southeast’s only clinic for children with sex chromosome disorders.”

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2020-01-14T10:10:32-05:00Categories: 48,XXYY, All Variations|

Laurie Milton’s Story

Due to speech and language delays my son started in special education preschool. When my son entered kindergarten, his teacher saw similarities between Kent and another boy who was diagnosed with XXXXY. We took her advice and got genetic testing for our son.

We learned back in 1994 that our son did not just have one extra X as we suspected but has an extra X and an extra Y; he has XXYY.

Our doctors suggested we not read the older literature that painted a horrid picture for our son but instead told us to contact KS&A and join the support group. As it turned out, Melissa Alystock lived less than a mile from us. Our kids attended the same schools.

Melissa Alystock started holding conferences to gather people with X and Y variations together. She sought and received grants from pharmaceutical companies to support these events. In addition, she gained the professional support and services of health care professionals who met with families at these events. It was life changing for many to meet with a doctor, genetic counselor or other professional that was knowledgeable about X and Y conditions.

Melissa and her husband needed help managing this fast growing organization so she asked me to join the board and then I served as a moderator for the listserv. I saw the challenges trying to meet the needs of grown men with X and Y variations as well as simultaneously meeting the needs of parents of younger children without overwhelming them. There is only so much many of us can process at once, so some families step back from support groups but then later rejoin either when they need assistance or when they are in a position to offer it.

I financially support AXYS (The XXYY Project) and encourage my family to do so also. This assures there is help, information and research for all when it is needed.

2019-08-30T16:17:34-04:00Categories: 48,XXYY, All Variations|Tags: |

Social cognition and underlying cognitive mechanisms in children with an extra X chromosome: a comparison with autism spectrum disorder

Article Title: Social cognition and underlying cognitive mechanisms in children with an extra X chromosome: a comparison with autism spectrum disorder

Authors: S. van Rijn, L. Stockmann, G. van Buggenhout, C. van Ravenswaaij-Arts, and H. Swaab

Date of Publication: 2014

This 2014 paper by Dr. Sophie van Rijn is an excellent study on the Theory of Mind and “the reported social behavioral difficulties in individuals with an extra X chromosome include shyness, social withdrawal, social anxiety, social immaturity, difficulties in peer relationships, social impulsivity, communication difficulties, reduced social assertiveness and difficulties with ‘being sensitive and responsive to the feelings and rights of others.”

“Individuals with an extra X chromosome are at increased  risk for autism symptoms. This study is the first to assess theory of mind and facial affect labeling in children with an extra X chromosome.”

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2019-04-30T09:29:50-04:00Categories: 47,XXX (trisomy x), 47,XXY (Klinefelter), 48,XXYY, XXXY|

Autism Spectrum Disorder in Males with Sex Chromosome Aneuploidy: XXY/Klinefelter syndrome, XYY, and XXYY

Article Title: Autism Spectrum Disorder in Males with Sex Chromosome Aneuploidy: XXY/Klinefelter syndrome, XYY, and XXYY

Authors: Nicole R Tartaglia, MD, Rebecca Wilson, PsyD, Judith S. Miller, PhD, Jessica Rafalko, Lisa Cordeiro, MS, Shanlee Davis, MD, David Hessl, PhD, and Judith Ross, MD

Date of Publication: April 2017

“The rate of ASD in children with SCA in this study was higher than expected compared to the general population. Males with Y chromosome aneuploidy (XYY and XXYY) were 4.8 times more likely to have a diagnosis of ASD than the XXY/KS group, and 20 times more likely than males in the general population based on the 2010 Centers for Disease Control (CDC) estimate of 1 in 42 males. ASD is an important consideration when evaluating social difficulties for children with SCA. Studies of males with SCA and Y-chromosome genes may provide insight into idiopathic ASD and male predominance in ASD.”

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2019-02-21T11:15:50-05:00Categories: 47,XXY (Klinefelter), 47,XYY, 48,XXYY|

Emory University Focuses on XXYY

July, 2018

One of the sex chromosome variations least understood is XXYY. While the prevalence is reported to be 1 in 18,000 to 1 in 40,000, these estimates are likely an inadequate representation of true prevalence owing to missed diagnosis and alternate diagnoses for developmental, learning and behavioral issues. While early diagnosis is improving due to pre-natal screening and pre-natal diagnosis, there remains an unaccounted number of boys and men who have this variation and may not be aware.

For families with children and adults affected by XXYY, daily challenges abound in the areas of physical health, learning, behavior and launch to adulthood. Due to lack of information informed by research, no guidelines currently exist to help guide health care providers, educators and social services for how to preserve and maintain best function and quality of life for boys, men with XXYY and their families.

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2018-07-26T14:54:53-04:00Categories: 48,XXYY|
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