by Charles P. Vega, MD

Published: January 30, 2014

INTRODUCTION
Four in 5 men may have symptoms of testosterone deficiency, and testosterone replacement can improve body composition and metabolic outcomes related to serum glucose and cholesterol levels. In fact, some research even suggests that testosterone treatment might improve the risk for mortality among men with testosterone deficiency. However, a large new study finds a higher risk for cardiovascular disease or death associated with testosterone therapy, and it is not the first study to do so. The current review provides a balanced perspective regarding the challenging issue of testosterone deficiency and replacement among men.